Carbs Are Your Friend
If yours are high, you may want to cut back on carbs. Hello whole wheat bread that has been soured, soaked, or sprouted. Below is a chart from the AHA paper you linked to. En quinze ans, le marché des TIC a été bouleversé, d'abord avec l'essor phénoménal de la téléphonie mobile et de l'Internet fixe à haut débit, puis récemment avec l'Internet mobile à haut débit, ce qui caractérise l'étape majeure de la convergence des technologies du traitement de l'information et de la communication. There is nothing special about seven, they just picked one that made a pleasing map. I have gotten lazy over the years and now at 53 am sitting at
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The Polish were particularly fearful of returning, particularly as Stalin had already deported a million Poles to Siberia during the years since annexation of eastern Poland under the Ribbentrop and Molotov Pact of late Some , Poles therefore chose to remain in Britain and were eventually joined by their families and dependents from wherever the war had left them.
The only way such numbers could be accommodated was by placing them in camps recently vacated by the British armed forces or by the Americans. One such camp in our area was Weeting Hall, just ouside Brandon, lasting from to By there were still 47 families in residence.
Zosia Biegus of website "www. Alderman Bright on shortages. The layout and house types were designed by a local firm of architects called Mitchell and Weston. Despite their best efforts, by December 31st only 22 houses would be completed, and shortages of materials were part of the problem.
Here is Alderman Bright standing in a council meeting in the Guildhall in late , to say "We know that the shortages are very real; pipes ordered last March are now needed to complete some of our houses, but they may not be available until next March. Council Meeting Shortages included the ingredients for making plaster. This had the very long lasting effect that whole streets of newly built houses in Mitchell Avenue, Acacia Avenue and the other new roads of the Mildenhall Road Estate had unplastered kitchens until the very end of the 20th century.
A few examples still retain this "feature" in Building the Mildenhall Road Estate would continue until , when over 50 new roads, avenues, closes and streets were finished, and this estate would eventually house 4, people. It was a miserable beginning to peacetime. In December the fraternisation ban, which had prevented local people from associating with Prisoners of War, was finally lifted. The public felt the German POW's had a raw deal and should have been sent home earlier.
The payments previously made to the Borough of Bury St Edmunds by the Guildhall Feoffment trust to reduce the rates burden on the town were ended.
Since the library of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology was found in the Athenaeum. In it was moved into the School of Art building in the Traverse, in the next room to the Cullum collection of books. During the large maltings behind the railway station was sold by Gough's to Peachey, but the name Gough's Maltings lingered on. To show that traffic was now being taken seriously, there was a one-way system set up in the town of Bury.
In the country, things were naturally slower to get started again after the war, but in rural West Suffolk had hardly any sewerage, no piped water and little electricity. The rural district councils had to take action. Before the war there had been little enough good roads, and no industry outside Bury. By , the wartime building of airfields had improved roads, and left large areas of building and hardstandings where once had been agriculture.
Gradually, sites at Stanton, Rougham, Chedburgh and Barnham would become used by a variety of size and type of industry.
Thingoe RDC had no sewerage at all, and owned just under council houses. Thingoe now bought its first medium sized refuse vehicle in , and acquired offices at number 1, Northgate Street in Bury. Previously it held its council meetings in the Guildhall.
Now it could hold committee and council meetings under its own roof overlooking Angel Hill. Welcome Home for 2 Suffolk. The second battalion of the Suffolk regiment had remained in India until its partition and independence. The small cadre of the battalion returned to Bury St Edmunds in to a civic reception.
The second battalion was now placed in suspended animation. In practice it was disbanded. Its remaining personnel were transferred to the first battalion and would join it in Greece in During about 15, foreign POW's a month were sent home.
By the end of some 24, German POW's had stayed on in Britain mainly because they had met local girls, or their homes were in the Soviet zone, and they feared further reprisals.
By large numbers of Polish fighting men had arrived in England from all parts of the northern hemisphere. Their homeland was under Soviet domination or occupation, and they intended to keep alive the idea of a free Poland, even if it meant living in England until this goal could be achieved.
Most had no choice in the matter and became known as "Displaced Persons. Polish soldiers at Rougham. The authorities were already short of accommodation, and groups were dispersed to whatever disused army and air force camps could be found, scattered throughout the UK.
Rougham Camp, which had been the home of the 94th Bomb Group USAAF, during the war, was now being used to manage the demobilisation and discharge of Polish soldiers and airmen who wished to return to Poland.
Rougham Camp held the unit officially known as the Foreign Despatch Centre. This card is written by a Pole from Rougham Camp.
It is dated 1st July, , and seems to confirm the conclusion of Zosia Biegus, that Rougham Camp was used as short term accommodation for Poles who had chosen to return to Poland after the war.
The message on the back of the post card refers to that fact and has been kindly translated by Ms Biegus. I am still in the same place. We shall leave here to go to Poland in the first days of August that is in four weeks time. I would love to visit you in France but we are not allowed to go on holiday to France.
We can go on holiday here in England, so my dear I very much regret leaving France, life there was much more fun than here. This card is a view of a town 3 kilometres away, from time to time I go there to the cinema. That is everything for now, I end with words of good wishes, Franek" For those who wished to stay in the UK, there was usually the formidable issue of the need to learn English and adapt to local ways. The committee was responsible for the administration of Polish education at all levels in Great Britain.
By there were 16 nursery schools and 34 primary schools with over children that resided in National Assistance Board camps and hostels scattered through out the UK. The Committee also concerned itself with adult education, teaching English language to all in the camps who wished to learn, and was active until In the eastern region, the military units and their camps are as follows: Camp, Brandon, Norfolk Karp.
K 2nd Battalion SK??? These were unlike the earlier bungalows as they had two storeys. They had a frame of prefabricated concrete columns reinforced with tubing recycled from the frames of military vehicles. A series of ship-lap style concrete panels formed the outer cladding. By half the Gloucester Road site was demolished and redeveloped, and the other half had the houses brick skinned. Apprentice Plaque, Acacia Avenue. Apprentice houses were erected by boys under the Apprentice Master scheme of the Building Apprenticeship and Training Council set up to promote careers in the construction industry.
Harvey Frost was the Apprentice Master, but there were on site instructors to ensure the work was properly carried out. The plaque shown here was placed on numbers 9 and 11, Acacia Avenue, Bury St Edmunds, and is dated , which must have been a start date rather than a finish date. The second pair were at 10 and 12 Acacia Avenue, but the plaque on that pair is dated , which is probably more realistic as a finish date.
By a third pair of apprentice built homes would be completed at 2 and 4 Avondale Walk, just off Acacia Avenue, in Bury St Edmunds. The council had just set up its own Direct Labour Organisation or DLO to hasten its progress in constructing homes when contractors were in short supply, or fully occupied. Due to its variation of design, available with a flat or pitched roof, and with variations for rural or urban sites the Airey House became one of the most prolific of the factory built permanent designs.
Some of these would be demolished for site redevelopment by , but many have been transformed by the addition of a brick outer skin. The house on the left shows the effect of "brick skinning" by a private owner. Another 20 Unity homes would be built at Barningham. These Unity homes all survive in , but have all required external insulation and rendering to keep them up to standard, and prevent deterioration. As the Germans left, their hutments were frequently to be taken over for this purpose.
Nevertheless, many remained stuck in camps, as reported in this extract from the Suffolk Free Press, January 2nd, The opening winter of continued to be very bad. Heavy snow blocked the roads, including the notorious Chedburgh Straight, where snow lay many feet thick through February. Electricity cuts were frequent and severe, affecting industry as well as homes.
Greene King only brewed once a week in February, just to keep the yeast alive. Worse would follow when the snow melted. In March, occurred the last great flooding of the Fens. Dykes were breached all across the Fenlands from Suffolk to Lincolnshire.
Some acres of Lakenheath Fen were inundated and the floodwaters reached to the edge of the village. The Womens Land Army was still in operation, and the Lakenheath hostel, being situated at a low point at the north end of the High Street, was flooded - including the dormitories, the water being right across the road.
The dressing tables from the cubicles were moved out before the water level rose but the bunks and wardrobes had to be left in. RAF Mildenhall was mobilised to help rescue the flood victims. The worst day was 16th March, when flood victims were collected by RAF Mildenhall transport and given temporary accomodation on the base.
Mobile searchlights were deployed along with wood tracking to lay on sodden earth, and teams sent out to known danger spots. On 21st March the base used an Auster aeroplne to view the flood situation from the air. Flooding was less bad during April, but RAF Mildenhall continued to supply lighting equipment to allow night working to help restore the damage.
This widespread destruction led to serious discussions of how to intercept run-off from inland rivers and divert it around the Fens. Other incidents reported in the Suffolk Free Press were: March 16th - "The blizzard last week disorganised local bus services in the Sudbury district in spite of gangs of men including German P. In the Hitcham district roads were blocked for several days, drifts of up to 10 feet were reported. On 6 May , Lieut. Edmund's, which has stood derelict for 18 months; what will be the cost of this work; and if there is no barrack or permanent camp more suitable for peace-time military occupation.
Edmunds is being reconditioned and re-equipped to accommodate a regiment returning from overseas. The camp was evacuated approximately six months ago by Polish Forces when it was certainly not in a derelict condition.
He did not agree with the Secretary of State's answer. In fact, Polish troops in a neighbouring camp were given permission to go and take the stuff out of this camp with the result that the camp is empty. Is it the policy of the Government to allow one part of the Service to take it somewhere else so that money has to be spent to take it back again? Bellenger replied, " No, Sir, we do not give that permission to the Polish troops, but, as the hon.
Major Legge-Bourke, "Will the right hon. Gentleman bear in mind that general negligence in regard to empty camps only leads to looting and destruction of very valuable equipment?
Bellenger replied, "No, Sir, that charge of general negligence is unfounded. The fact is that I have not the large number of troops necessary to guard these empty camps. POW letter from Camp In the event, it seems that the new purpose of Fornham Park was not to house a returning regiment, but it was used to hold German POWs who were awaiting repatriation to Germany.
It seems likely that some of the inmates of Berechurch Hall were moved to Fornham Park at this time. One piece of evidence for this is the career of the following German Officer, posted on the internet at Axis History Forum: Returned to Austria in One was for sale on Ebay in May, , dated December This item was sold on Ebay in Feb In addition, there is the eye-witness report of one Richard Ashton, the son of the newly appointed Camp Commandant to confirm that Fornham Park became Camp Edmunds, in the East Anglian county of Suffolk.
Fornham Park was a large country house with extensive grounds, and he and mother had their quarters in a portion of the house, the rest of which was occupied with all of the offices associated with a military unit, rather like a colonial era Government House.
He had the dubious honour of commanding the last prisoner of war camp in England to close, one that was high security, and which had a large garrison of soldiers to ensure the security. Now for the conflicting info. I have seen online two different locations for Base Camp. I can assure you when dad commanded it, it was at Fornham Park, a couple of miles north of Bury St. He retired from there.
As a child I remember during school holidays while staying there being sneaked into the soldiers' movie theatre, run by the Army Kinema Corporation, and the film being shown was 'Of Mice and Men', hardly appropriate, but I don't remember any detail of the film. This would undoubtedly have been another Nissen Hut, and thinking back they had two projectors in a make-shift 'bio-box' like a real cinema, and were thus able to do reel changeovers on the run. It was rumored that Rudolph Hess, one of Adolf Hitler's aides-de-camp, was detained at what was eventually father's camp at Fornham, after his capture in Scotland, and the Allies not entering into the negotiated peace he appeared to have parachuted in to arrange.
Hess's whereabouts were never actually divulged, so this is all pure speculation. Father would have known if he were an inmate there, but would never have divulged it. Interestingly, visiting the U. Many wartime military conversions of stately homes resulted in an enormous cost to return them to a usable condition, so perhaps Fornham had never seen civilian use since about when no. It was also dry because restrictions by government, and shortage of supplies meant that Greene King could not produce enough beer to meet demand.
Greene King pubs in Haverhill were closed for three days a week. Despite problems with production, the new managers at Greene King knew that they had finished the war with old and outdated equipment throughout the brewery, except for their magnificent brewhouse of From to the Rink Maltings on Westgate Street was fitted with four brand new Malting Drums, designed by the brewery maltster, and built by the Bury engineering firm of Robert Boby's. The old malting floor system had needed a large input of skilled men to turn the grain, and they were no longer available.
The payment of tithe redemption instalments was still being exacted from owner occupiers of farmland, and arrears from before the war were still pursued in the courts by the Tithe Commission.
Although willing to go to jail, the judge sent him home, still owing the debt. He was still fighting the Tithe every year up to its abolition in T C Lethbridge was the Excavator for the Cambridge Antiquarian Society from to , carrying out field-work and excavations in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk.
In he excavated a pagan Saxon cemetery at Mill Heath, Lackford, which was in danger of further destruction from being newly ploughed. The site is above the 50 foot contour on a peninsula of land between the south bank of the River Lark and a the Cavenham mill stream.
He found between and cremation urns, a concentration which is unusual for the Lark Valley, where earth burials, or inhumations, are more prevalent.
There were swastikas present upon a number of cremation urns, and the Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Lackford has yielded some of the most exquisite designs of this image. These urns were also important because they led in some cases to the identification of individual potters. His output was cinerary urns of a number of standard types decorated in two or three routine styles.
Decoration was stamped on to the vessels while they were still damp. One of these stamps has been found and it was made out of a red-deer antler and bore a cross die. Decoration in the main was restricted to pots used as cinerary urns. Distribution of the products was roughly within a radius of some thirty miles centred on Lackford with one outlying example some eighteen miles further on at Castle Acre in Norfolk.
Basil Brown at West Stow He was joined here by Stanley West, who was working as an assistant at Ipswich Museum, where Brown was based. This picture shows Basil Brown in , in the process of excavating one of the Roman kilns that he had found here in Early Anglo-Saxon potsherds were evident in rabbit scrapes all over the knoll. At what turned out to be the north east corner of the settlement site, a sand pit was being dug for building material. This sand pit revealed sections of Anglo-Saxon buildings, and was the first evidence of the existence of a settlement here.
Meanwhile the West Stow sewage farm to the south of the site was having problems. It dealt with all the foul and waste water from Bury St Edmunds. Consultants were asked to advise on restructuring the sewage farm as it had suffered continuously from smells and operational problems.
Progress was slow and difficult. By it would be decided to abandon these works and open a new Sewage Works elsewhere. Across the country gas works were nationalised during , and the production of town gas in Haverhill was soon halted.
The fuel office still operated in the Council Offices at Swan Lane, Haverhill, as petrol and paraffin was still on ration. It had left the Hervey family in the 's, and it had been owned by Walter Guinness, Lord Moyne from to Now it was ignominiously turned into office space.
In September, , one of Bury's more pleasant institutions first opened its doors to members. This was the Farmers' Club, located then, as now, at number 10, Northgate Street.
The club had been the idea of K J Underwood, but he soon found that F W Barker, chairman of the local branch of the NFU had similar ideas, so a joint meeting had been held to sound out prospective members in May of At first it was to be called the Town and Country Club, to emphasise the links between market town and agriculture, but the current name was soon settled upon.
In these post war years emigration to the colonies such as Australia, New Zealand and Canada came to be increasingly attractive to many people, particularly ex-servicemen. Sybil Andrews and her husband decided that a better life could be found in Canada, and emigrated in She would never return to her home town of Bury, and had only been a visitor since Since , working in Canada, she has obtained international recognition as an artist of merit.
Also in Bury a bus station was built next to Moyse's Hall, on the site of today's Macdonalds restaurant. Buses still stopped on the Cornhill for town services, opposite Market Thoroughfare. In December , the Suffolk Free Press reported that, "In recognition of his bravery in rescuing a Lawshall man from an attack by a bull, a German P. Godfrey Dappert of No P. Camp, Hardwick has received an illuminated address from the Carnegie Trust and a watch suitably inscribed, the presentation was made by Brigadier J.
Red Squirrel common in Up to Suffolk enjoyed a good population of red squirrels. During the first reliable record was made of the grey squirrel arriving in Suffolk. It increased in abundance over the next five years, and by the s it would become endemic and common. At the same time the red squirrel was to decrease to extinction in Suffolk by the s.
The grey squirrels were stronger competitors than the red, and also carried a disease which was fatal to the native red squirrel. It came into effect on 1 July , and was the foundation of modern town and country planning in England and Wales. The most fundamental requirement of the legislation was to establish that planning permission was required for land development; ownership alone no longer conferred the right to develop the land.
To control this, the Act reorganised the planning system from the 1, existing planning authorities to , and required them all to prepare a comprehensive development plan. In , Bury St Edmunds was keen to redevelop the town, and it was possible that it would be designated a London overspill town. As well as developing a new council housing estate off the Mildenhall Road, there were ideas to demolish and redevelop parts of the town centre.
However, the development proposals caused consternation on a national level, and the council came under pressure to commission an objective, external report on the architecture of the town, in accordance with the guidelines of the Town and Country Planning Act of Therefore, the Bury St Edmunds Borough Council had commissioned the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings to make a survey of the historic buildings in the town. A report on the buildings of architectural and historical interest prepared for the corporation of Bury.
In this exercise would result in buildings becoming listed for their historic importance. Contracts let in were as follows: Its environmental functions were split off to form the Ministry of Housing and Local Government.
Rail closures had been carried out by the old companies in the 's as motor vehicles spread and became more popular. The war had halted these closures, and recovery needed them for a time. However, the march of the motor car would continue in the 's. Similarly, on 1st April, the electricity supply industry was also taken into public ownership, following the Electricity Act of Work was in hand to bring electricity to the countryside.
Chevington got mains electricity in and , making the villagers' paraffin lamps redundant. However, the electric light bulb did not give off the heat of a paraffin lamp, so some people had to spend more on heating.
In , a start was made on the Parkway Estate in Haverhill, and the first twelve houses were built in Park Avenue. At Greene King's Brewery, the new maltings had ample capacity for the brewery's needs. The barley store on Sparhawk Street was now inadequate. Farm mechanisation meant that the new combine harvesters could take the harvest within six weeks.
Previously the delivery of barley had spread over a six month period when the stooks were slowly and laboriously threshed by steam threshing units. So the old Foundry Maltings were converted to a second grain store. Transports and tankers followed and in 93rd Bomb Group flew B50's from the base. Giant B36's and Globemasters followed.
RAF Honington proved vital to the Berlin airlift by supplying aircraft parts and maintenance facilities from June to the end of the blockade in September The runways and perimeter tracks were resurfaced to take No Operational Conversion Unit. However, the use of next door Lakenheath by heavy American bombers caused this idea to be shelved.
John T Appleby's book "Suffolk Summer" was published. All royalties would be used to maintain the Old English Rose Garden in the Abbey Gardens as a permanent memorial to those American servicemen who gave their lives in the cause of freedom. It was officially named the Appleby Rose garden, and is still maintained in good order to the south of the main central beds and the bowling green.
They established that the remains of the crypt were still present, and finds included some mouldings and painted plasterwork. Unfortunately the fine plasterwork and traces of original tempera wall paintings noted by Maltby, had long since vanished by It also contained a description of the Mildenhall Treasure, first made public in June, POW Camp or home?
Some stayed because their homes were now within the Soviet bloc. Others found local jobs or local girls. The Lagerecho newsletter of the German prisoners at Hardwick Heath, had already had its final issue in February At Hardwick Heath, the huts which had housed POW's were now pressed into service as temporary housing while families were waiting for one of the new houses on the Mildenhall Road Estate. Many of these were ex-servicemen with new wives and babies. Families who were prepared to go into the Hardwick Heath huts were given first choice of a new house on the Mildenhall Road Estate as these were slowly completed.
Repatriation escort party at Fornham Park May Fornham Park had been an army camp during the war, but had been abandoned in In it was refurbished as a transit camp, designated Base Camp , for the repatriation of Prisoners of War. This picture, taken from www. They were reported to be Generals, Admirals and Luftwaffe chiefs, in the Welsh newspapers. Island Farm Camp had been a special camp for holding high ranking German Officers since This particular group of released men apparently passed through Fornham Park as their last transit camp prior to joining the SS Biarritz at Harwich for the journey home.
Fornham Park Camp closed down later in He and his wife then retired to a cottage at Beyton. The lecture hall and camp cinema had closed already, and Arthur Boreham described how the only men left were those regulars who still had time to serve out their engagements.
Orders came in April for the closure. The training work of the number 12 Primary Training Centre, as it had been re-designated in , was to be transferred to Colchester. Apart from three huts and the Sergeants mess the rest was closed up. The remains of the camp was now officially handed back to the Suffolk Regiment Depot at Gibralter Barracks. In infantry recruit training would be returned to the regimental depots, and Gibralter Barracks would resume its traditional role.
Polish demob at Rougham Camp. Many Polish soldiers, displaced persons and their families, were still living in temporary accommodation, and wondering about their future. The remainder of Polish soldiers still in uniform were demobilised in The Foreign Despatch Centre at Rougham Camp was still issuing discharge papers to enlisted Polish soldiers who, unlike many of their contemporaries, wished to return to Poland.
Blazkow had survived Stalin's deportation, along with thousands of others, from Eastern Poland, Kresy , to Siberia. He had then enlisted in , and fought for the Allies, earning the Italy Star, among others.
His discharge paper lists his medals. The Borough Council at Bury St Edmunds now decided to buy its own stock of library books instead of hiring county books. It was Lot 22 in Sotheby's Sale of February 9th During there was a redistribution of Suffolk's parliamentary seats.
Despite protests, West Suffolk was abolished as a parliamentary county, and was replaced by Suffolk as a whole. Bury St Edmunds constituency was enlarged to take in about half of the old Sudbury constituency. The remainder of the old Sudbury area was merged with the Woodbridge constituency to make "Sudbury and Woodbridge". Colonel Clifton-Brown continued to represent the enlarged Bury constituency until standing down in RAF Stradishall was now able to carry out major runway repairs and improvements.
In August these four squadrons converted to Lincolns. However the Lincoln was already out of date and by March these squadrons would be disbanded. Personnel would sent to RAF Marham. This was one reason for the location of US Airforce bases on East Anglian soil in the next few years.
Gradually there was a massive build up of an airlift of supplies into Berlin through until September , although the blockade was officially lifted in May In April , the American periodical "The National Geographic Magazine" was devoted to The British Way, a series of looks at life in post war Britain and the contribution of Britain to the arts, medicine and science.
It referred to the fact that John Winthrop the younger studied at the school and was eventually to become a colonial governor of Connecticut. The picture was taken in the upstairs dining room of the boarding house in Elsewhere in the same article it was stated that "Though England is on a near privation diet, nothing seems to damp the spirits of the young.
They even make a joke of the restrictions to show that they can 'carry on' whatever happens. Number became redesignated Operational Conversion Unit but continued to fly many types of aircraft until The Education Act of had introduced full time education for all children between five and fifteen years old. There would be an examination at age 11, called the Eleven Plus, to determine which children could go to the Grammar Schools, and who should go to the newly introduced Secondary Modern Schools.
This Act came into force in Suffolk in Education was now to be a three tier process, namely the primary schools, the secondary schools, and the Further Education sector, all provided locally by West Suffolk County Council.
The Plan provided for the closure of all the existing Infant Schools. The new list of Primary Schools in Bury was to be: The new Tollgate County Primary, construction ready to start. New contracts were approved to be built as follows: By over 2, acres of Lakenheath Fen was carrying crops of wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beet, chicory and market garden crops - largely thanks to the hard work of the Womens Land Army. This work was still at the mercy of floods, as had happened in So, following the floods of , there was a review of water control in the South Level of the Fens.
This Act authorised extensive new works of drainage. This would not be completed until The 59 room mansion called Cavenham Hall was demolished in Cavenham Hall had been built in as a home at which shooting was the main occupation. Such great houses were no longer viable to run or maintain at this time.
First WSGS race card. It was not a registered dog track with the British Greyhound Racing Board, but was independent of any industry regulations. In other circles such an unlicensed operation was known as a "flapper or flapping track. Unfortunately this lack of regulation could also lead to some sharp practice, such as entering a "ringer", a dog which was not as described on the race card.
Greyhound racing tracks had started in this country at Belle Vue, Manchester, in , and soon became hugely popular, drawing large crowds.
By the end of the s, annual attendances totalled 17 million. The famous track at Walthamstow was established in the s, on the site of an existing flapper track. The attractions of dog racing would decline markedly by the s. Even the celebrated Walthamstow stadium would be struggling in its later years, and would close in The first race card at Tayfen meadows was run on December 1st Denny Brothers, the printers established in the adjacent Tayfen Road, were engaged to print the race cards, and continued to do so for the next twenty years.
The Tayfen Meadows track finally closed in At Brandon, the firm of Shell made a promotional film on Flintknapping. This was one of a series of short films to illustrate a number of old crafts and trades. There were still three full time flint knappers at work in Brandon making gun flints for muskets. Most of these were sent to West Africa, where such guns were still in use. However, there was also a trade to Ohio in the USA, where flintlock musketry was being revived as a club activity.
This short film is now available to view online at the East Anglian Film Archive, by clicking here: Stone Hall retained some medieval features, but had been modernised in It had been a private house for most of its life, but had been used as the Town Institute and Reading Rooms in former years. Religion still seemed important to people although everybody knew that they would never return to the lives they had known before the war.
At Chevington the village chapel was sold by the Congregationalists to the Methodists. The latter had been leasing it since about Within 10 years the congregation would drop to 8 people, worshipping only once a month. Town Plan for Bury St Edmunds.
This plan for Bury was first drawn up and published in October It included a survey of existing conditions in the town, together with the proposals to improve the town's infrastructure while balancing the interests of townspeople, industry and commerce.
The survey covered the geography, past history, population, industry, housing shortages, communications, utilities, special local features, openspaces, education, health and welfare. The outline plan covered road proposals, residential land, industrial land, agriculture, commerce, open spaces, and the Cathedral. For Refuse Disposal, the survey had this to say: Domestic refuse is collected weekly with the aid of both mechanical and horse drawn transport, and a daily collection is made in the town centre.
Since the war there has been more refuse than can be burned in the central destructor near the cattle market and the remainder, together with the cinders from the destructor, has been disposed of by controlled tipping on the Haberden and part of Tayfen.
From here the voltage was reduced to 11, volts, and distributed to various sub-stations around the Borough. The town's generating station had been shut down, but the refuse destructor was still operating in the old generating station building off Kings Road. Most of the town's electric system was now 3 phase volts lighting and volts power.
Single phase lines still existed in older parts of the town. The Plan reviewed the County Council's ministry approved Education Plans for primary and secondary schools. By now the County Plan for Further Education had also received approval, and it was reported that the Bury St Edmunds Technical Institute was to be enlarged by a block of technical rooms for building apprentices, engineering apprentices and commercial day release students.
It already had students and building trade apprentices part time. A45 in Abbeygate Street. Both routes were two way, and it was no surprise that Abbeygate Street and Brentgovel Street suffered a number of traffic accidents. St Andrews Street South encroachment. As the plan was being prepared, a new factor was thrown into the consideration when petrol rationing ended. The planners' response to this was to expect a great increase in future road traffic, and to prepare plans to cope with it.
Part of this response was a plan to widen St Andrews Street South to accommodate the extra through traffic along the trunk route of the A The encroachment of buildings on to the street since was shown as a justification for "reclaiming" the lost carriageway.
The line of dashes on the diagram shows the extent of the proposed 'reclamation'. This project would never be carried out. Petrol rationing had been first imposed in September and its continuation five years after the war ended was a hotly debated issue, especially during the general election campaign. The Conservative opposition had argued it was no longer necessary, but the Labour government believed that the nation had a severe dollar shortage and could not afford to buy US supplies.
After the election, in which Labour's majority was greatly reduced, the government realised the public would no longer tolerate rationing. On May 26th , the government announced that petrol rationing would come to an end. Sweet rationing would continue until February , and sugar rationing would not end until September.
The end of all food rationing did not come until 4 July , with meat and bacon the last to go. At Tayfen Meadow "Greyhound racing has recently been established The Outline Town Plan. The new outline town plan is shown here. The town was divided up into zones, where henceforward it would be difficult to obtain planning permission for functions which were not compatible with the zoning. This all seemed reasonable enough, but would cause distress in some parts of town.
In particular, the area from St Johns Place, through Peckham Street, Tayfen Road and much of Long Brackland was shown with horizontal hatching which designated those streets for industrial purposes. This was mainly because of the presence of the gas works, but domestic properties in these areas now became blighted. They would become ineligible for Improvement Grants when these became available, and feared that demolition orders might be forthcoming.
This industrial zoning would hang over these properties until the s. Plan for Mildenhall Road Estate. By many of the contracts let on the Mildenhall Road Estate in Bury were well advanced. However, new contracts were still being let. These did not proceed street by street, but were let in blocks in various streets, so that work was not concentrated in one place, but spread over several separated sites.
New contracts were still being let. During these were: The estate ended at Baldwin Avenue, where there was room for just one side of the street to be built.
This was the even numbered side of the street. Note also that there is no plan for Northumberland Avenue or Lancaster Avenue to be included at this time. These would be later additions which were to become the first stages in the development of the Howard Estate. In the international tension leading up to the start of the Korean War in June led to European re-equipping and consideration of the deployment of tactical nuclear weapons.
The Mildenhall base was made available to meet lend-lease obligations to the USA. In mid the Americans came to Mildenhall, took it over from the RAF and high security was installed.
They stayed until February when th Bomb Group replaced them. The 2nd and 22nd Bomb Group followed in succession, and both Bs and Bs operated from Mildenhall in Their job was the care and maintenance of the RAF's bombs and weaponry. They were joined by the 58th MU, who recovered and repaired crashed aircraft. Honington was a maintenance facility through until The Stanford Battle Area was a source of post-war controversy when its inhabitants were never allowed to return to live there.
No value at all was placed upon the wooded areas because the timber had been damaged by shrapnel and military action during training there. Another property damaged by army occupation during the war was Fornham Hall and its Park. In March, a thousand lots of the house contents were sold by auction.
Captain Macrae had been the life tenant of Fornham Hall since , but it had quickly been requisitioned by the army. This sale would end the Gilstrap connection with Fornham Park, which had lasted since Up for sale were the House and the acres of park surrounding it. In addition to Fornham Park itself, the estate included seven farms, the Old Rectory, school and school house and the Woolpack in Fornham St Martin, cottages, allotment land, meadows and the two park entrance lodges.
The total acreage up for sale was 2, acres. Lot 42 was an arable field of 46 acres, tenanted by the farmer Mr C Stennett.
Together these 56 acres of land were purchased by Bury St Edmunds Borough Council, and were earmarked to become an extension to the Mildenhall Road Council Estate, and would become known as the Howard Estate.
The first contract for 40 new houses would be let in Bury St Edmunds Golf Course had never been officially requisitioned during the war years, but nevertheless it had been used extensively for infantry training by the nearby barracks and West Lines camps.
An assault course and rifle range and various excavations and tunnels had to be made good. Local government was now starting to enforce basic hygiene requirements. Thingoe RDC surveyed the public houses in their area. In many of them there were earth closets shared by the customers and tenants, male and female.
None of the 58 inns had both mains water and mains sewerage. The state of rural housing was much the same. The specially designed Muniments Room, fireproof and secure, in the Borough Offices was already being used by both councils, so this move made sense.
Better public access to records would come in , when the archives were moved into Angel Corner. The joint committee would last until , when responsibility for the archives was handed over completely to the West Suffolk County Council.
Gould's horsehair factory c At Glemsford, Gould's horsehair factory was still in production. This picture from the Foxearth and District Local History Society website shows the workers producing their speciality, which was the production of violin bows. To add to the grey conditions of life in post war England, the summers started to deteriorate as well. This cooler trend continued into the 's. The Festival of Britain was an attempt to inject optimism and hope into the country after the War and its aftermath of rationing and shortages.
This programme, illustrated here, was full of coloured adverts showing the best of Britain. Officially it was to celebrate the centenary of the Great Exhibition of , but unofficially it was to put the war behind us, and look forward with optimism. Local celebrations were to be held across the country. Like the Dome in the year , it was also meant to be a regeneration project for a depressed part of London, in this case the derelict area of the South Bank next to County Hall in London.
The main exhibitions lasted from May to September. Local arts festivals were held in Norwich in June and Cambridge in August. The publishers, William Collins Sons and Co. They were sponsored by the Brewers Society as their contribution to the Festival of Britain.
Volume 4 of these "About Britain Guides", was entitled East Anglia, and its title page is shown here. The East Anglian farm cart shown was a horse drawn vehicle, although the guide also proudly illustrated the Fordson Tractor Works at Dagenham. It claimed that "Farming is probably nowhere more highly mechanised.
Turning Elveden heathlands to agriculture. Part of this mechanisation was to allow works to be carried on at a larger scale than was feasible with man and horse. This illustration shows how much of the remaining Breckland which was still unforested, was being "reclaimed" into agriculture. Once ploughed, artificial fertilisers and artificial irrigation, were needed to keep the land in production. This picture shows heather heathland being ploughed up at a rate of acres a year on the Elveden Estate.
Norwich had , people, with 60, in Ipswich and Cambridge. Kings Lynn, Yarmouth and Lowestoft had 40, inhabitants. Bury St Edmunds, despite its 20, residents in , scarcely rated a mention in this guide, and the Gazetteer mentioned it as a place producing agricultural machinery, spending a few more lines upon its historic remains.
The Guide felt that production of cheap clothing in Haverhill would help to keep agricultural workers' families in employment. Great Yarmouth was still landing up to million herrings in one season, and Scottish migrant female workers were still a feature of the fish preparation and packing industry of the time.
Rushbrook Hall seems to have been abandoned around this time. After standing empty for many years Rushbrook Hall finally burnt down in Town Guide , The Borough of Bury St Edmunds authorised the production of this 80 page town guide for the years and It describes the history of the Angel Hotel, and interstingly it refers to the Suffolk Hotel as located "in the Cheesemarket".
John Knight would later enter private practice as a solicitor, become a Borough Councillor, be made Mayor in and and after a long local government service at Borough and County level, be made a Freeman of the Borough in Mr Knight, never one to under sell an idea, wrote that, "there is a well established school of thought which looks upon Bury St Edmunds as a convenient administrative centre for much of East Anglia. Wanting to add light industries to the town's industrial life, building work had already started on a Trading Estate near the railway line.
Although un-named by Mr Knight, this trading estate would later become known as Western Way. The housing shortage was thought to be so important that the number of dwellings provided in the Borough since the end of the war was listed as follows: It was thought unlikely that more than would be built in the next 5 years, and this was thought to represent "probably less than one third of the total demand.
A further properties were considered unfit for human habitation, but demolition orders would not be made in view of the acute shortage of housing. The Plan also noted that the Housing Act of had introduced government grants for repair and reinstatement of old cottage properties, and this, "may have considerable influence on any future slum clearance schemes. It would be consecrated as a parish church in The council could not, as yet, proceed with a comprehensive scheme for reorganising the Cattle Market.
However, much of the work had been completed on the largest water improvement scheme ever undertaken in the town. New Water Tower in West Road. In Bury had a population of 16,, excluding the military, and they used about 23 gallons of water per head, per day.
By Bury's population was now 20,, and consumption had increased to over 40 gallons, or about twice as much per head as in This was attributed to the spread of baths and water closets in older properties, as well as the better appointed new houses now being built.
Clearly, a modernised water supply system was needed. In Bury St Edmunds the council began construction work on a new one million gallon underground reservoir, together with a new water tower in West Road to supply the increasing needs of the growing town for piped water.
New electric pumps and a new pumphouse were installed in Kings Road to extract more water from the underground boreholes. A new 12 inch pumping main was laid to get the extracted water to the storage systems in West Road. The new water tower would hold , gallons at a water level of feet above datum. From here the whole town could be supplied by gravity.
The whole new system would be completed in Nearly 5 miles of new mains were laid as well as building the foot tower. You can view more pictures of progress on the new Water Tower by clicking here, and returning by using the browser's "Back" button: Building the Water Tower in West Road, In the new Town Guide, Mr Knight also referred to "a scheme for reorganising completely the sewage disposal arrangements for the borough is also in the course of preparation".
Sewage disposal was now another major problem. Bury's waste was piped to a sewage farm at West Stow, which had been plagued with problems for years. Plans to upgrade West Stow Sewage Farm were finally abandoned in It was decided that a new works was to be commissioned in Fornham Park at Fornham St Genevieve instead.
The problems of water and sewage had to be resolved in order to support the growth which the Development Plan had envisaged. New homes were being built and the council "can look with pride upon post-war results so far achieved.
Not satisfied that the ambitious 80 acre project now half completed at Mildenhall road will meet the needs of the community, the Corporation have recently purchased a further 56 acres of land adjoining. Several pages of the Guide were also devoted to educational facilities. It was intended to make the County School into a High School for girls only, moving the boys to The King Edward, and both schools would be capable of taking children each. Entrance to both schools was by selection through examination in their eleventh year.
Modern secondary education was provided at the Silver Jubilee School for girls and the Silver Jubilee school for boys, with pupils each. Technical Institute in Bury, c Since before the war there had been evening classes run in Bury for the training needs of business. After the war classes were also arranged during daytimes for technical education to support apprentices, particularly for the building trade.
In , it was decided to formalise the running of these classes under a new body, to be called the West Suffolk Technical Institute. Even the countryside was now getting the benefit of piped water. The early 's also saw villages like Chevington getting mains water and kitchen taps. The fetching of water from a well or handpump was now over.
F86a Sabres at Shepherd's Grove August These were thought to be the world's fastest jet fighters. It has been a USAF airbase ever since. Starting in the main runway of RAF Mildenhall was extended at both ends, and new taxi ways added. The area of the base was extended so that several roads had to be diverted or closed, including the Mildenhall to Littleport road. Many American bombers were withdrawn from Britain in , and Bomb Wings began to rotate in and out of Mildenhall for the next seven years.
The pilot died, but no civilians were hurt. Some pipework had been removed in , but the three underground ton capacity pots or tanks were still in place. In Pot A was almost fully emptied following a leak.
Tollgate County Primary School. Tollgate County Primary School was also opened to take its first pupils on September 18th, Standing in a site of 8.
Its catchment also extended along Fornham Road as far as the railway bridge. It opened with pupils on the roll, with expansion to places planned by The playing field had been laid down in advance and was ready for use immediately. The shrubs around the school grounds had been planted by boys from the Silver Jubilee Modern Secondary School.
Suffolk Show - Rougham. The Suffolk Show was not solely an Ipswich affair in those days, and every year it moved around the county. In it was held at Rougham, just outside Bury. The picture shows the display mounted by the Borough of Bury St Edmunds, and the photograph was taken by Gerald Lambert who had a photographic studio in Well Street, in Bury.
Bury Abbey at its height A B Whittingham. One of the most comprehensive archaeological assessments of the site of the abbey ruins in Bury is that of A. The Journal was for the year , but was not actually printed until This report would be the basis of the Guide Book to the ruins published in However, although Whittingham is always quoted as the main authority on the Abbey and its layout, many of his conclusions must be considered conjectural, and are based on other sources.
He does not seem to have excavated in the Abbey Grounds himself, but used all the written evidence he could find to draw up his plans. Such dismal health that the Westernization of their diets actually lowered their rates of ischemic heart disease. So, why do so many researchers to this day unquestioningly parrot the myth?
To quote the great scientist Francis Bacon: All of these anti-cholesterol studies are funded by big pharma. Statins are a big scam, moneymaker. Olive oil damages endothelial cells. You can be skinny and have shit arteries. You can be skinny because of a cocaine habit, chemotherapy and tuberculosis and other problems.. People that died in the army — big tough guys were found to have heart disease.
It was the diet.. Yeah, a diet consisting mostly of refined carbs. All that matters is money. The Mediterranean diet that consists of lots of extra virgin olive oil has the lowest rates of heart disease in the world! If extra virgin olive oil was damaging this factual statistic would be impossible! The biggest problem with olive oil is heating it.
There is a huge difference between eating fresh cold pressed extra virgin olive added to food at the table vs cooking with it. Yet your source does not address this issue. How did the test subject eat it? Also, the text of the chart states virgin olive oil, but the speaker says extra virgin olive oil. Why are there so many stupid nutritionally uneducated M. In Europe where the research came from has a class of olive oil that is not available in North America. Extra virgin olive oil is the first cold pressing of the olive.
Then it is pressed again, the additional pressing causing the oil to become heated; this second pressing is called virgin olive oil. Next the olives are subjected to chemical and heat extraction, which is simply called olive oil. Just like the FACT that people in the tropics that eat lots of coconut fat have almost non-existent heart disease. Having been diagnosed with Hypertension, I went to a plant-based lifestyle and I am now feeling great and no longer have high BP.
No fats makes bile sit in your galbladder and form stones. I agree your doctor is killing you, but slowly. You will see story after story of people who who have lost tremendous amounts of weight by eating lots of at with low cholesterol. Eliminating all fat would mean eliminating the essential oils. That is very bad for your health. Humans are designed to eat a variety of foods for optimal health.
If you decide to eliminate entire nutrient types, i. I am with Lisa. The longest living people around the world Blue Zones eat diets centred around plants. The science is fine. If we grew grass in our open spaces and feed our animals what they really need, which is NOT grains, as they have never had the stomaches to eat grains, only grass. Too many posts to read. I try to keep it really simple: What were we all born to eat?
There are certain processes at work in your body that are ONLY present in carnivores. You want a diet plan that works? You want the body of your dreams? First, figure out your caloric requirement for whatever you are trying to accomplish. Now divide that up among the meals in your day. Obviously, the bulk of your food should be vege, but most of your calories will undoubtedly come from your fats and meats.
Now train like a beast. This is the reason I respect the most. Everything else about nutrition is just a scare tactic. I have different opinion about the clogging of unsaturated fatty acids.
Because most of the re actions taking place in cell and cell-wall are not chemical reactions. They are electrical, mechanical and binding actions due to the electrical and mechanical properties of the molecules. High packing factor of Cholesterol and saturated fatty acids coupled with the presence of tiny calcium compounds can clog the arteries.
Chemistry is by definition electrical, the chemical properties of a substance relate to protons and electrons. ALL my levels were up! Glucose is up also. I have been on a paleo diet for over a year and my cholesterol is the lowset it has ever been. My blood glucose is perfect as well. I have also lost 50 pounds. But I saw cholesterol improvements within a month or two. Did your HDL go up? Did your triglycerides go down?
I went on the high fat diet for the last 6 months and all my numbers shot up except for the HDL which stayed the same.
I would definitely get blood work done as you could be doing yourself a great disservice. Same thing happened to me. My cholesterol shot up to over !
My HDLs remained the same. The doctor said in the last year and a half, my new diet has made my health worse according to the blood tests. Fasting Blood glucose is Was around The biggest change you made was adding exercise by riding your bike. People often make dietary changes at the same time they start an exercise regimen, then when they lose weight and their blood numbers change, they credit their diet.
Blood work numbers have little value. They vary from individual to individual, and some people with low cholesterol are unhealthy while some people with high cholesterol are perfectly healthy etc. Truthfully lack of activity is the most likely culprit behind supposed increase in obesity and heart disease in the U.
People who exercise frequently, hard enough to get the heart rate up for a little while each work out, can eat anything they want and remain healthy and at a healthy weight. Those same people generally choose healthier foods in all food groups, however, because their active bodies feel better eating cleanly avoiding processed artificial foods. The coconut oil is now being used only for skin cream. If you want to know how your body responds to a low carb and high fat diet and all the wonderful benefits..
Extensive research has been done by these doctors on how are bodies respond to a ketogenic diet and all the benefits of switching to a low carb food plan. Really inform yourselves with current information done with new technology that has made amazing new discoveries about the food we eat. I recommend everyone get blood tests to see how any diet affects them. Started the high fat, low carb no sugar, no grain diet in July. The good news is that by December, I lost 26lbs most of it fat , from to !
The bad news is my total cholesterol shot up from to ! LDL went from to ! Gonna quit the butter, bacon, and red meat for awhile and go to more veggies, lean chicken, and fatty fish. Hopefully things will come back down — I guess I am sensitive to dietary intake of sat fat. I highly suggest you learn what doctors like Caldwell Esselstyn have learned at places like the Cleveland Clinic:. Yay for an intelligent post! Caldwell Esselstyn is a cardiologist from the Cleveland Clinic which is the number 1 place in the world for Cardiology and Heart surgery?
Everything else was far shitter and much worse for causing a 2nd episode of cardiac problems and death.. Not even talking about the really bad ones.. You can have a high cholesterol and still be good. His overall cholesterol is very high but his coronary risk is very low. How is a persons coronary risk assessed? My cholesterol levels went from 5. My doc put me on stronger statins again for two month, and will take my bloods again to see if they work. I am however eating what are termed bad foods, crisps, chips again etc.
Why the F wait for you Dr. PEOPE listen to your body, get to know it and get off the processed foods which is why your cholesterol and other things are so bad. And your high HDL is cardioprotective! Total cholesterol and LDL alone are poor risk factor associations. I have read many comments here..
To those that want to eat all the butter and promote it.. I admit it… I was making excuses for my lack of discipline. I am not trying to insult anyone..
Vince, since you emphasize so much on using your brain, let me challenge you with this thought experiment. So if you are on a low carb, low fat diet, how much protein you think an average person will need to ingest and assimilate everyday?
What is your observation there after doing the math? You want to get with the program, get disciplined, then the fact is butter is awesome for you. YOU need to exercise more, get that fat ass moving. I totally agree I probably eat only a stick of butter a week myself but still. My doc keeps telling me my cholesterol is high waiting for test results in the mail well with me it is genetic but once I get the results and see it is not as high as they claim it is I am not worried.
I excerise regularly eat a healthy diet and I am of a normal weight. There is a huge connection between diet and the heart. This connection is meat, eggs, and dairy. This has been proven through the research at Cleveland Clinic. This is not theory or conjecture. Look up YouTube videos by well-respected doctors like Caldwell Esselstyn. He has done extensive research in this field. Plant-based diet is the only truly healthy diet for humans. Get checked out before throwing away the low fat diet.
You are actually a person that can be eating eggs, fats, and foods containing cholesterol. Likely your blocked carotid is from eating high-carb and pro-inflammatory foods i. Get your insulin levels under control and HbA1c.
That would be a good start. You can get your insulin under control using a paleo diet for a start. Thank god someone said it! Yay for good fats. That other guy should get with the program thinking he knows it all and actually go talk to a health professional about good fats and low carb dieting like I did! My mother in law was the only one in a large family , who was given the butter ration during the war.
Maybe jsut lucky , but I say eat grass fed butter pure and natural. I suspect you have been brainwashed into believing that you are worthless and weak and that you are somehow responsible for your condition. I strongly urge you to view some of the Robert Lustig lectures on YouTube and perhaps take a look at the what Dr Ron Rosedale has to say about Leptin resistance.
Its not your fault. Vince, sorry, but I need to challenge your theory… I eat a high fat, high protein diet. I cook with butter and heavy cream and whole milk and egg yolks and lots of bacon. And I am thin. Well below the metric for my height. I believe strongly that eating healthy fat improves metabolism and keeps your body from hoarding and storing it. My thighs and flanks hold less fat now than when I was dieting and bloated all the time.
Have you had your cholesterol checked? I eat butter all the time. Probably about 1 cube per week. I am NOT fat! I am quite slim. Oh, and I eat bacon almost every day. So, sorry — your assertion that people who eat butter are fat is wrong. I went vegan a year ago and had blood work done prior to, during, and a year after going vegan. The results speak for themselves. Blood cholesterol can be completely controlled through dietary cholesterol. Eating saturated fat does not increase blood cholesterol level, but it does cause inflammation which is linked to heart disease.
Can you source any journals to verify your statement? I personally happened to stumble across the concept of a low carb high fat diet. I say from personal experience that it significantly helped what had been chronic depression, I lost 14kg and 6cm around my waist in 3 months, I regained my zest for life and energy to maintain it, and I have stopped feeling bloated.
I personally feel that it is carbs combined with fats that is the problem. It is amazing that people still say this. Chris is not making this up. What, is this site trolled by vegans or something? There have been even more studies since then. Go study the ground-breaking research of Caldwell Essestyn and the others at the Cleveland Clinic, renowned for their cutting -edge research in heart disease:.
You are the one who is foolish. Center for science in the public interest. Would you pick someone who does not have a vegan bias?
This seems to be a well researched and referenced article that is in contrast to much of the recent hype on fat and meat etc. Chris, that is not an article. It clearly is intended as a pamphlet.
It seems that there is a sort of cherry picking going on here regarding the studies that are sited. Because, a look at the preponderance of evidence Now current epidemiological studies fairly convincingly shows that at least two of your assumptions are false: Serum cholesterol high LDL is in fact the main predictor of heart disease. The evidence is really against your conclusions. These people just want to sell you something.
Even Chris Kesser claims his diets are optimal, and therefore should require no supplements supplements are evil, right? That should tell you something. What can largely be extrapolated is that sufficient evidence exists to link diet, cholesterol and CVD, however, there remain unknown factors environmental as well as biochemical that may, in and of themselves, be causal or supplemental to this link.
Robust arguments as to the benefits of a vegan diet with regard to serum cholesterol and SFAs exist; however, recommendations as to best practices for reducing CVD with regard to cholesterol and SFAs and other fatty acids are continuously evolving —. So…yeah, sometimes, cholesterol can be the enemy. I really hate that everyone is promoting these myths about eating — I agree, to each his own, but moderation is the key; not this butter and fatty meat-laden diet nonsense.
In the s, bad nutritional advice was released tot he public advocating a low-fat diet. Water is just one atom away from hydrogen peroxide yet you drink that. If you actually study chemistry, then you realize that everything is ridiculously similar.
It has no cholesterol. Up until the s, margarines had a lot more trans fat due to the hydrogenation process that turns liquid oils in a semi-solid spread. This created synthetic trans fatty acids that raise LDL- and lower HDL-cholestero, both considered bad for heart disease risk.
Most people automatically regulate both types of cholesterol regardless of how much cholesterol is ingested. So the fact that is has less than butter does not recommend it.
I think the whole point of the article was to point out that saturated fats and cholesterol are not necessarily the enemy here. The author also points out that many of our current healthcare professionals still give advice based on antiquated and erroneous ideas that were perpetuated back when they were in school.
We now know more information for a more complete picture. Many heart health professionals and even organizations have not yet changed their recommendations in light of this new information. Margarine is actually naturally white, not grey or black. In fact, the dairy industry sometimes often?
Everything you eat is made up of chemicals, and as others point out even water is one molecule away from something dangerous. Why would you drink cows milk at all? And broccoli is a flower designed to make new broccoli plants. I pretty much followed the Joel Fuhrman diet and the Aztec non-inflamatory dies and cholesterol went down from to ; Hdl — 52 to Still working on it, but ratios are all good.
Also weight went from to This took about 5 months. I refused statins which severely damaged my sister. I believe diet lowered in sat. I also exercise at a gym. I believe my Dr. Her cholesterol numbers are outstanding and she is thin and healthy. Look this is all really obvious.
Good cholesterol is necessary for making hormones and vitamin D etc… Good healthful fats include:. Omega 3 fats found in avocado, flax, fatty fish like salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines, grassfed meats and diary etc.
Omega-3s are anti-inflammatory and reduce risk of heart disease. A moderate amount of omega-6 fats found in vegetable oils like canola oil linoleic acid and in grassfed meats conjugated linoleic acid. Excess omega-6 consumption leads to excess of inflammation.
Medium chain triglycerides MCT such as lauric acid are good healthful saturated fats that can be found in high levels in coconut and extra virgin coconut oil not the bad hydrogenated stuff and grassfed butter.
Low in refined carbs but overall low to moderate amounts of carbs unless you lead a very active lifestyle. Excess carbs are converted to triglycerides which can increase bad cholesterol levels. People who eat a plant based diet tend to also eat more whole foods and whole foods usually contain low GI carbs in addition to lots of fiber which means less triglycerides. High in dietary fiber i. Grassfed meats, eggs and dairy have a more healthful nutritional profile than their grain fed counterparts with:.
Most trans fats bad fats i. Did you know some farmers even feed their cows candy aka refined carbs?!?!? Know your good fats from bad fats 2. Avoid excess levels of refined carbs and processed foods 3.
Get in large amounts of fiber 4. Go for grassfed meats, eggs and dairy. If all this is too much work, follow a plant based vegan diet using mostly whole foods. However if you go on a vegan diet and eat mostly white rice, white flour, pasta and french fries cooked in soyabean and corn oil, you can bet you will end up with heart disease and probably end up overweight too!!!
This article and others that Chris Kresser have written are advocating saturated fats and cholesterol from grassfed meats and dairy. But it does not say anywhere to not eat plant based foods.
The proof is there. Heart disease was not a major issue years ago for meat eaters because they ate a diet higher in complex carbs, grassfed meats and dairy with lots of fiber and much fewer processed foods. Those of you on HFLC diets be smart about the fats you eat and the sources!
Those of you who go HCLF, make sure you get the right carbs and all the good fats. Almost never use butter. Yet my overall cholesterol is Hoping with treatment for that my blood cholesterol will lower.
It depends on what your LDL and triglycerides are. If yours are high, you may want to cut back on carbs. Carbs are usually what drives up LDL and trigs. Thank you so much Anthony great summary I think this is the first time I have seen a sensible answer to the question What can I eat to keep healthy?
Commonsense is indeed important, the trouble is, some people measure commonsense too individually and often have little commonsense. Take vegan diets, always lead to malnutrition B12, K2, good fats, etc.
How many vegans are there in the U. In other words, one out of approximately are on that risky road. Nora Gedgaudas, who wrote Primal Body, Primal Mind said the most ill clients she treated were ex-vegans or vegans still in the loop. I hope not, a dear relative of mine has just crossed over that dicey line.
Yes, this is very well written and perfectly stated. As consumers we MUST learn to do our own research. Coconut oil raised my cholesterol and LDL significantly. Thank you, Anthony… very well said.
I believe a vegan diet is dangerous in the long term and should not be advocated for health reasons… the stories I have read of vegans who end up in crisis because they are starving their bodies of essential proteins and nutrients are legion.
Your cholesterol may be low now, but wait until your liver fails from choline deficiency. I eat certified humane pastured organic dairy and meats and harvest eggs from my own organic hens. I sleep fine at night and am healthy as hell. She has drastically cut a lot of calories from her diet by going vegan, a lot of fruit and veg is consumed which is high in volume in food terms but low in calories, also the food is higher in fibre which is very satiating.
Grossly modifying a diet from refined foods to wholefoods and then excluding animal based products does not mean that the exclusion of animal based products reduced your friends cholesterol! Vegan diets are flawed. They demand supplements, for instance, B12, K2, and several other vitamins. The American way is twice that and the excess protein turns into sugar, gets into our blood, organs, etc.
Vegan diets are great for detoxing short term, but fall flat soon after. The fact that someone does well for a while, look at T.
Colin Campbell, at 66 he looked 92 then look at Loren Cordain when he Campbell appeared on the Larry King show, , However, to be fair, Cordain was only 63, Campbell was 79 but looked over Do I care what you or anyone else does, however?
All sure to be stressful, and accomplish nothing. Ever thought about that? Is she true vegetarian? I think taking statins for the rest of our lives in order to control our cholesterol levels is just an act of negligence. Would it be really wise to artificially lower our cholesterol levels with drugs which has been proven to cause a myriad of other health complications? Many questions, many doubts, but one thing I do believe and know is that there is no bad cholesterol, our efforts should be more focused on how to lower inflammation levels which is the real culprit behind diseases associated with high cholesterol.
Thank you Chris and the rest of the team for providing so much interesting information on nutrition and health. Take for example this article here, by Michael Crawford and others fron An explaination would be much appreciated. My GP a conventional MD recommended high fat, low carb a little over year ago…. Would not have believed it before but have done much research since and it makes sense and works for me.
I myself love to eat a wide variety of foods from plants, nuts, animals, etc. Thanks for all of the content and education here. I only come to this site for amusement. The articles and comments generally provide more humor than the comics. For nutritional science I read books like the Okinawan Program, the Blue Zones and books by people that know what they are talking about like Drs Esselstyn, Ornish and Furhman, all of whom have reversed heart disease in real people.
It upsets me the number of commenters who confess their cholesterol went way up when they went HFLC, as encouraged on sites like this one. Completely normal, as proven in clinical trials over decades. Yet, like sheep, they continue on — when all the time there are thousands of people who have had heart disease reversed — documented in credible medical journals — who do the opposite of the recommendations here ie. Even insurance companies now encourage a lower fat, plant based diet to reverse chronic conditions.
Health effects of vegan diets. Retrieved October 9, , from http: Retrieved November 1, , from http: Retrieved October 10, , from http: Vegans report less mood disturbance than omnivores. The problem with all of these studies is that they are not comparing vegans to healthy meat eaters, but average people who eat average diets full of heavily processed foods. These average people also do not exercise enough, lead a sedentary lifestyle, have crappy sleeping patterns, barely eat vegetables etc etc.
Vegans are more health conscious, but there are also health conscious meat eaters. I would like to see some studies comparing those 2 groups. My bet is that most if not all of the differences would go away. Put another way, a diet which ignores fat and cholesterol, but restricts carbohydrates will lower blood cholesterol in most people. But a diet that is low fat, low cholesterol and low carb will lower blood cholesterol for everyone.
Is this what you are recommending, or am I missing something? What a drag, but then is it natural to separate cream from milk and slather our foods with what is delicious, that is, butter? When they arrived and were viewed by the Indians, they looked more dead than alive.
However, there is a growing number of enlightened people who actually are changing their diets and improving their health, meanwhile most people are not. If butter on yams sounds good, go for it, if a glass of whole raw milk, drink it, if a glass of organic wine with pickled herring sounds………. Have fun, make love, eat good food when hungry, dump the junk and be happy. One month after radical change becomes normalcy and the body responds will all sorts of indicators. What we eat that we want to eat matters to the world.
You said vegans make you sick, but the fact is eating a vegan diet does great for people and the planet. Nothing has shown otherwise. Eating vegan can be great, and at least for me it has been. Its not tasteless or bland. Immune Compromised, taking Enbrel…….
My family started getting raw milk from a small farm 2 years ago…and although I was initially concerned for the same reason you stated… I then thought of all the recalls in just the couple years prior from either produce or pasteurized food. Lettuce, cantaloupe, peanut butter, beef… more recently, chobani yogurt and sabra hummus.
Not to mention I eat sushi. I went on the high fat low carb diet and my cholesterol went above from in 6 months. I have familial hypercholesterol. How many grams of carb are you consuming on average on a daily basis? Lastly , how long have you been on the HFLC diet? Check out this article by Dr. Can losing weight worsen lipids?
Thanks for that link. Two of my family members are practising LCHF diet with some decent results and no downside effect on Cholesterol. I am the one who is doing all the research and applying it on them. There is not just one thing and source to follow. This link to Dr. I am primarily following Dr. Peter Attia and Dr. You can review most of it on my blog at: There are many variables and none of the scientific knowledge that we acquire is the last word.
Hi Liz This is no advice but it works for me. Halved my total cholesterol level by eating and working less,sleeping and exercising more,much more than a couple of years ago. Got into trail running,hiking and all the activities I had neglected as part of raising a family. Please careful and do your research about cancer and animal fats.
You may have lowered your cholesterol but you could end up with bowl cancer. The China Study by Colin Campbell is an interesting book. Research yourself the links between cancer and animal fats and see what turns up. We know along with heart disease this is a number one killer. As someone earlier said in this post… No study is conclusive but we know that by eating mainly plants and live foods people go to the bathroom several times a day with ease. Heavy meat eaters without enough plant fibre in their diets get dreadfully clogged digestive systems and constipation which can also lead to diverticulosis.
I realise we all do what we think is best based in the information we find. I just wanted to prompt you to question it from a different angle. Those old diet advice, ridiculous low fat and high carb doesnt works, its already proven! You guys must talk with body builders about what they think about that.
If you want lean mass you-ll need some fats and saturated ones, dont be silly. I am 70 years old and have stopped taking Cholesterol drugs and feel much better for not taking these drugs. I have found that they have done more harm to my body than good. Tim Noakes and am experiencing wonderful health bennifits. I feel like a new man. My husband was advised to get on statins and his total cholesterol is His ldl is a little high. He has stopped eating a lot of cheese and pastas and not over eating at all.
He gets his new numbers told to him this week after trying to lower the number for the last 3 months. My hdl is good but my triglycerides screw this number up. I imagine it is from coca cola. Good on you Peter, I am 68 in May of this year, and am eating LCHF, I just keep putting on fat around my middle, on grains and carbs, low fat medium protein, so switching to fat instead of carbs, and losing waistline.
I did LCHF before and went down to a 37 inch waist, a short spell on HCLF, has me back around 40 inch waist, and about 5kg heavier, because I have a high cholesterol, I will eat more mono fats like olive and avocado, but will still eat the fat on my meat, and eggs with yolks, only time will tell, because science seems very mixed up.
It depends on the cheese and the preparation of the red meat. Some cheese actually has sugar in it and depending on your preparation of the red meat also.
For a LCHF diet to work you generally have to keep carbs around grams a day. Other wise when you consume both there will definitely be a rise. The reason being is that glucose is the main source of energy in our body and the body reaches for that first. When you have an excess of glucose which comes from carbs, that will get stored. Anyhow, so when you keep carbs at 50 g, the body will need more energy and utilize the second source of energy which is fatty acids.
Saturated fats is one type of fat amongst many and when metabolized becomes fatty acids. So I think there might be something else in your diet that might be causing the increase in your diet. I totally understand what you are sayin but I still need your advice.
I cut sugar and refined carbs, lost 11 kilos in 28 days and felt great. I had v little fat though, eating avocado in one piece of toast daily, usually Burgen bread, and then other stuff like salad and greet yoghurt and a usual tea, usual meats. Then a friend to,d me to eat more fats, and thing went haywire. I ate the cheese, the full milk, the creams on fruit and my weights gone nuts, and chol, high in the family anyway, skyrocketed.
Overboard in high fat? Listening to the wrong info? And weight back on. Go back to what you were doing before. You were apparently getting enough fats and the right amounts that way. I cant seem to eat dairy foods like that as they clog my arteries. Turn to sugar and not the same. I can eat burgers with the bun. I can eat a small baked potato with like a pork chop. Even a roll with it. But if I try to eat the creamy stuff you mentioned I get tired, my arms get tight from not clearing the stuff as its sticking to me, and fat.
Also rashes around mouth with excema from dairy. Hi, Loads of people avoid dairy. I know that when I eat it I notice it through my sinus and feel clogged up. Diary is processed and it you previously avoided it you may have built up a bit of an intolerance.
Save the dairy for special occasions but remember that full cream is the best. I have my own blog http: I can drink milk direct from the cows but not milk from the shops. I can eat real butter sparingly but not the margarine, What ever they add to the produced food does not agree with me frsh is best of every thing but all in moderation.
I avoid dairy for the same reason. My nose gets stuffy and I get giant boils on my face, especially with cheese. Incentive enough for me to avoid dairy: Did you eat the high fat while eating the same amount of carbs? One piece of toast typically has 24g of carbs and for this type of diet you have to decrease the amount of carbs to 50g or less in order to eat above the RDA recommendations and not have increased cholesterol levels.
I think your friend might have left out that vital part. Karina, if you have read this article you should already know it. Still if you want to know more, I have compiled lot of resources like articles and videos on my blog http: From what I have understood there is no correlation of Saturated Fats with Cholesterol or Cholesterol with heart disease.
If anything, they are good for you. I want to know about saturated fat and cholesterol intake. Is that true that saturated fat raises cholesterol higher than cholesterol intake does? If yes, could anyone explain to me? I am from India and the edible oil industry created this misconception that Coconut oil is bad, cholesterol is bad.
A south Indian population which predominantly consumed coconut oil, turned toward sunflower oil. With atrocious amount of omega-6, the health of the people got affected. The same is with cholesterol. Very true and the same has happened in other parts of the world like Philippines and other nations of south east Asia.
It has been seen that when people like Japanese emigrate to USA they get all the diseases of North America which were unheard of in their native land. Not only that, when people in big cities like Tokyo gravitate towards Standard American Diet SAD then they get similar diseases in their own lands. Inflammation occurs in an acidic environment, damages blood vessels walls, which call for cholesterol to form plaque to provide protection.
OK let me drop the bomb, hdl is good cholesterol. Lsl is not bad but rather neutral cholesterol. Vldl is the bad cholesterol. You can eat any type of natural food and live healthy and long. Processed meat, including a steak from a corn fed cow is toxic. Margerine is toxic, as is regular butter. The human body cannot store fat without insulin, therefore by removing sugars, starches and unnatural carbs from your diet vegetables are fine your body has no choice but to lose weight.
Exercise is important as it builds muscle mass and breaks down insulin resistance. Alcohol is bad for you as it spikes insulin just like sugar. Eat only real natural foods as nature intended. All I have posted is well researched and verifiable. Sugar is good for you. If there is not enough sugar in the blood, the body will release adrenaline to break down proteins into glucose.
Sugar in Fruits are entirely fructose; which the body can not even use, it must convert it to glucose. Also, do more research on resistant starches and what it does for the bacteria in the lower intestine.
The body craves insulin spikes at certain times also. The sugar in fruit is not entirely fructose. Low blood sugar triggers all sorts of metabolic responses, the two relevant ones being lipolysis and proteolysis.
We have the processes specifically to meet our bodies energy requirements, they do not signal some kind of detriment to health in the presence of sufficient protein and fat intake. Ok fine, so i had a brain fart about the fruit sugar. What i really meant was they dont hav glucose; what the body primarily uses.
They just hav fructose and table sugar, that is all. Why rely on the body and give it more stress to do anything, such as any protein synthesis, when u can jus eat something? Why start with americans as a base? Why not someone else elsewhere, or jus a modern normal person of health? What is anything about amerika thats normal? Always has been philosophically. I have nothing against any way of eating, just get sick of the preaching that goes on, especially as you are on a LCHF site. This is very interesting.
I was only yesterday told I have raised cholesterol. Strange thing is I should be a model for a low cholesterol lifestyle. I am a reasonably fit, ib, 42 year old, female vegetarian. It may be hereditary or genetic, and not have anything to do with lifestyle. The low saturated fat, low cholesterol, high fiber diet is working for my fiance, very well, in fact. He does get a lot of fish and avocado, which is part of the good cholesterol, which is another thing that helps lower the bad.
What does your good cholesterol look like? Alot of how cholesterol is transported has to do with the amount of protein in the blood. Vegetarianism does not mean inadequate protein.
I get protein from regular consumption of legumes, soy products, and nuts. Basically, everything the newer articles including this one are saying is a myth, now. The following are his results, without any medication:. So I will tell you that for some reason, the old advice IS working for my fiance. I am starting to wonder about cholesterol because these new articles are quite the contrary to the experience we are having.
We have a lot of familial heart problems and I am trying to make this stop with our generation if possible! I agree that the weight loss was a contributing factor, however he had normal levels before starting the high fat low carb diet previously, at the higher weight.
You mention it rose again, after adding healthy fats. If he loses any more weight he will disappear. Stephanie, your experiences and take are the most valuable for this debate. I would like to direct you to my blog where I have compiled lot of resources: Start from there and go further to other videos like one by Dr.
In a nutshell, you need to develop your own understanding by educating yourself. From my understanding, I can tell you that you should simply forget about Cholesterol.
I am a care provider for a program that is subsidized by the USDA, which requires that we serve milk for breakfast and lunch. We choose to serve grass-fed, glass-bottled, non-homogenized Jersey whole milk. We will share those with families. How about this article by Dr. A friend and I switched to a low-carb diet about 3 months ago. Recently they had a blood test, and their LDL numbers increased and their HDL numbers decreased — high enough that the doctor started talking about statins.
Any idea why their blood results could change so much for the worse? I waited until my weight loss stabilized before getting my blood work done and saw my HDL go really high, while my LDL went down. I find it interesting that your friend saw the drop in HDL on a high fat low carb diet. What were some of the foods he was eating and avoiding? I avoid breads, grain, pasta, refined sugar, vegetable oil, and soy.
I eat healthy fats like olive oil, MCT oil, coconut oil, grassfed butter, avocados, nuts, whole fat cheese and a little whole fat milk, leafy lettuce, kale, spinach, cucumbers, berries, broccoli, grass fed beef, bacon, cage free eggs, wild salmon. I make my own salad dressing with evoo and apple cider vinegar and even eat the occasional carb now and again. What kind of exercise does your friend do? I try to walk a brisk pace every day 10 minutes at a minimum.
Too much will put stress on the liver. Hi, John, I saw that you backlink to previous articles in this excellent series. Can you edit the earlier articles and forward-link to the next article? Saves time examining the overview page.
I held dietary cholesterol to less than mg per day for a month then did a before and after comparison of blood cholesterol. It is an easy experiment to do, and yields individually relevant results. I am not expert feel taking Niacin will increase HDL level consult your physician khanna. Indeed, I would view and HDL level of 25 as alarming. Niacin might effect your HDL level some but would add exercise to the mix. My family has high cholesterol levels genetically fortunately with high HDL levels and I wanted to try dietary intervention to see what the result would be.
I went on a strict low fat low cholesterol diet where I had to write everything down that I ate from a list for an extended period of time. I was shocked by the results as when I was rechecked my cholesterol had gone from to …on the low fat diet.
I asked the M. My last total cholesterol was with my HDLs being I have kept an excel spreadsheet of all my medical testing data since that imd and can graph any long term trends.
And what upregulates it? This seems to make sense. But what about studies that seemingly link intake of red meat and eggs to adverse gut bacteria growth linked to heart disease? It may not be the fat. Chris, what about saturated fat and ED.
I have read that a paleo type diet that uses commercial meat can increase saturated fat and very rapidly create ED symptoms in men. I have read this entire page and now my question that I hope will be answered is this: I like carbs and feel way better when I eat them. I am actually referring to the refined carbs. Since this is my preference can I lower my intake of meats to allow for the carbs I seem to need so much more than meat I can feel it and will not eating as much meat but still eating carbs help my cholesterol go down some?
Someone on here said that it is the combining of them that is the oxidizing bad effect so…. I am just wondering if anyone knows this to help me. Lu, there is a million articles out there running folks from one side of the ship to the other.
As a research scientist for some 40 and as someone who also had the job of reviewing a lot of papers that other folks wanted to publish in peer reviewed journals, I can say that a lot of junk work slips through the cracks.