Holocene extinction

Ach Gott und Herr 《ああ、主なる神よ》

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Praise ye the Highest, all people now living adore Him! We pray Dear Lord, keep all our boys and girls out of harms way. On earth has dawned this day of days, Whereon let all men give God praise! Three in One for aye adored! Peace on earth, goodwill towards all me

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A Short Caucasian Bibliography

She was also the patron goddess of prostitutes , an association which led early scholars to propose the concept of " sacred prostitution ", an idea which is now generally seen as erroneous. In Hesiod 's Theogony , Aphrodite is born off the coast of Cythera from the foam aphros produced by Uranus 's genitals, which his son Cronus has severed and thrown into the sea. In Homer 's Iliad , however, she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione.

Plato , in his Symposium e, asserts that these two origins actually belong to separate entities: Aphrodite had many other epithets , each emphasizing a different aspect of the same goddess, or used by a different local cult. Thus she was also known as Cytherea Lady of Cythera and Cypris Lady of Cyprus , due to the fact that both locations claimed to be the place of her birth. In Greek mythology , Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus , the god of blacksmiths and metalworking.

Despite this, Aphrodite was frequently unfaithful to him and had many lovers; in the Odyssey , she is caught in the act of adultery with Ares , the god of war. Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the mortal shepherd Adonis , who was killed by a wild boar. Along with Athena and Hera , Aphrodite was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War and she plays a major role throughout the Iliad.

Aphrodite has been featured in western art as a symbol of female beauty and has appeared in numerous works of western literature. She is a major deity in modern Neopagan religions , including the Church of Aphrodite , Wicca , and Hellenismos. A number of improbable non-Greek etymologies have also been suggested.

The alteration from b to ph is explained as a "familiar" characteristic of Greek "obvious from the Macedonians ". The cult of Aphrodite in Greece was imported from, or at least influenced by, the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia , [21] [22] [23] [24] which, in turn, was influenced by the cult of the Mesopotamian goddess known as "Ishtar" to the East Semitic peoples and as " Inanna " to the Sumerians.

The Phoenicians, in turn, taught her worship to the people of Cythera. Aphrodite took on Inanna-Ishtar's associations with sexuality and procreation. Nineteenth century classical scholars had a general aversion to the idea that ancient Greek religion was at all influenced by the cultures of the Near East, [36] but, even Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker , who argued that Near Eastern influence on Greek culture was largely confined to material culture, [36] admitted that Aphrodite was clearly of Phoenician origin.

Aphrodite's most common cultic epithet was Ourania , meaning "heavenly", [47] [48] but this epithet almost never occurs in literary texts, indicating a purely cultic significance. He asserts that Aphrodite Ourania is the celestial Aphrodite, born from the sea foam after Cronus castrated Uranus, and the older of the two goddesses. According to the Symposium , Aphrodite Ourania is the inspiration of male homosexual desire , specifically the ephebic eros.

Aphrodite Pandemos , by contrast, is the younger of the two goddesses: Among the Neoplatonists and, later, their Christian interpreters, Ourania is associated with spiritual love, and Pandemos with physical love desire. A representation of Ourania with her foot resting on a tortoise came to be seen as emblematic of discretion in conjugal love; it was the subject of a chryselephantine sculpture by Phidias for Elis , known only from a parenthetical comment by the geographer Pausanias.

On Cyprus, Aphrodite was sometimes called Eleemon "the merciful". A male version of Aphrodite known as Aphroditus was worshipped in the city of Amathus on Cyprus. Aphrodite's main festival, the Aphrodisia , was celebrated across Greece, but particularly in Athens and Corinth. In Athens, the Aphrodisia was celebrated on the fourth day of the month of Hekatombaion in honor of Aphrodite's role in the unification of Attica.

Pausanias records that, in Sparta, Aphrodite was worshipped as Aphrodite Areia , which means "warlike". Aphrodite was the patron goddess of prostitutes of all varieties, [65] [48] ranging from pornai cheap street prostitutes typically owned as slaves by wealthy pimps to hetairai expensive, well-educated hired companions, who were usually self-employed and sometimes provided sex to their customers.

Scholars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries believed that the cult of Aphrodite may have involved ritual prostitution , [70] [68] an assumption based on ambiguous passages in certain ancient texts, particularly a fragment of a skolion by the Boeotian poet Pindar , [71] which mentions prostitutes in Corinth in association with Aphrodite.

The ancient Romans identified Aphrodite with their goddess Venus , [77] who was originally a goddess of agricultural fertility, vegetation, and springtime. This syncretism greatly impacted Greek worship of Aphrodite. Aphrodite is usually said to have been born near her chief center of worship, Paphos , on the island of Cyprus , which is why she is sometimes called "Cyprian", especially in the poetic works of Sappho. However, other versions of her myth have her born near the island of Cythera , hence another of her names, "Cytherea".

According to the version of her birth recounted by Hesiod in his Theogony , [85] [86] Cronus severed Uranus' genitals and threw them behind him into the sea. In the Iliad , [91] Aphrodite is described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood. In Book Eight of the Odyssey , [97] however, the blind singer Demodocus describes Aphrodite as the wife of Hephaestus [96] and tells how she committed adultery with Ares during the Trojan War.

Later stories were invented to explain Aphrodite's marriage to Hephaestus. In the most famous story, Zeus hastily married Aphrodite to Hephaestus in order to prevent the other gods from fighting over her. Aphrodite is almost always accompanied by Eros , the god of lust and sexual desire. The fertility god Priapus was usually considered to be Aphrodite's son by Dionysus , [] [] but he was sometimes also described as her son by Hermes, Adonis, or even Zeus.

The First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite Hymn 5 , which was probably composed sometime in the mid-seventh century BC, [] describes how Zeus once became annoyed with Aphrodite for causing deities to fall in love with mortals, [] so he caused her to fall in love with Anchises , a handsome mortal shepherd who lived in the foothills beneath Mount Ida near the city of Troy.

Aphrodite, however, lies and tells him that she is not a goddess, [] but the daughter of one of the noble families of Phrygia. After the lovemaking is complete, Aphrodite reveals her true divine form.

The myth of Aphrodite and Adonis is probably derived from the ancient Sumerian legend of Inanna and Dumuzid. Aphrodite found the baby, [] and took him to the underworld to be fostered by Persephone.

In different versions of the story, the boar was either sent by Ares, who was jealous that Aphrodite was spending so much time with Adonis, [] or by Artemis, who wanted revenge against Aphrodite for having killed her devoted follower Hippolytus.

The myth of Adonis is associated with the festival of the Adonia , which was celebrated by Greek women every year in midsummer. In Hesiod's Works and Days , Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora , the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive, [] so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace".

According to one myth, Aphrodite aided Hippomenes , [] [] a noble youth who wished to marry Atalanta , a maiden who was renowned throughout the land for her beauty, [] [] but who refused to marry any man unless he could outrun her in a footrace. The myth of Pygmalion is first mentioned by the third-century BC Greek writer Philostephanus of Cyrene , [] [] but is first recounted in detail in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Aphrodite generously rewarded those who honored her, but also punished those who disrespected her, often quite brutally.

In Euripides 's tragedy Hippolytus , which was first performed at the City Dionysia in BC, Theseus's son Hippolytus worships only Artemis , the goddess of virginity, and refuses to engage in any form of sexual contact.

Glaucus of Corinth angered Aphrodite by refusing to let his horses for chariot racing mate, since doing so would hinder their speed.

Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear. The resulting offspring, Agrius and Oreius, were wild cannibals who incurred the hatred of Zeus. Ultimately, he transformed all the members of the family into birds of ill omen.

The myth of the Judgement of Paris is mentioned briefly in the Iliad , [] but is described in depth in an epitome of the Cypria , a lost poem of the Epic Cycle , [] which records that all the gods and goddesses as well as various mortals were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis the eventual parents of Achilles.

The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris, a Trojan prince. All three goddesses were ideally beautiful and Paris could not decide between them, so they resorted to bribes.

Very tiny possibly only a few weeks old. Came home and it was on my porch. Friendly young female orange and white cat. Appears to be pregnant and fairly young - I'm guessing around five months old. Please let me know if this is your baby! Spotted drinking from an empty flower pot in our backyard at about 11am. Her name is Trixie she may respond. Female around 11 years old. An indoor cat with no chip or collar. My chihuahua chased something around 10pm, we searched until 3am, we're assuming someone has picked her up.

She's been our family pet for 7 years, she's grey and white, looks older than she is, has pink toe nails, and answers to the name Lola. No collar, no chip, loves people and other animals. Gray and Black stripes. Sweet, scared of everything, but friendly.

Lake Lynn near Bridgeport Apts. Carrington apartments, Eastlake Club Dr. Cat hid under car for a period of time and would not allow me to approach. Very fearful puppy escaped fence.

Last seen near the park by north gate mall. Penny got out from under the fence tonight. Spotted at Lynn and six forks rd. I East where Wade Ave exit lanes start. I40 E at Wake Ave exit lanes running east.

Very friendly, talkative adult male Black cat with some brown undertones found. Mostly white with brown around eyes. Lost in alamance county but has a Raleigh address. Super friendly, came to say "Hi' right away. Still hanging out in my yard as last check. Possible indoor cat that has been outside for a while.

She is not microchipped. He was found in downtown Apex by Thales Academy. We opened the car door and he jumped in. Oak Avenue near N. Male light tan pit bull no tags spotted walking back and forth on Lawrence Drive. Didn't run, didn't take treats but as I followed him he started picking up the pace. I lost him at the intersection of Lawrence and Saturn.

Called animal control but they haven't found him yet. Large, long haired black and white cat, very flashy with unusual white markings on face.

Has clipped left ear as he used to be feral but is not anymore. MacIver, May 23, Pvt. MacDonald, May 23, Lt. MacWilliams, December 3, Pvt. Maki, May 23, Sgt. Mann, December 3, S. Marks, May 30, Col.

Martin, May 23, T4 F. Mateja, Janaury 6, Pvt. Mays,, May 24, Sgt. McCarthy, June 6, S. McDonald, May 29, Pfc. McDonald, May 23, Lt. McDougall, September 15, S. McLachlan, February 29, T4 G. McLeer, May 21, Pvt. McMasters, May 23, Sgt, O. McNally, January 9, Capt. Merritt, August 17, Pvt. Michaels, January 5, T4 E.

Mills, January 11, Pfc. Mitchell, April 29, Pvt. Mitchell, May 29, Pfc. Mitchell, May 23, Pvt. Molesworth, May 23, Sgt. Montgomery, February 18, Pvt. Moore, May 28, Pvt. Moore, October 26, Lt. Moore, September 6, Pvt. Moser, February 18, Pvt. Murphy, May 29, Pvt. Murray, December 4, S. Murray, June 4, Sgt. Nelson, May 30, Pvt. Nelson, December 25, S. Newman, May 25, Pvt.

Nielson, February 20, Pvt. George Nixon, August 16, Pvt. Ogle, February 16, Pvt. Orvis, May 23, Pvt. Overton, February 16, T5 C.

Page, April 1, Lt. Painton, September 13, Sgt. Palmer, January 14, Pvt. Pardis, December 7, Sgt. Parrington, December 8, T4 E. Patenaude, October 6, Maj. Peet, May 10, Capt. Perry, January 11, Sgt.

Phillips, December 25, Sgt. Phillips, December 4, T4 P. Piazza, June 1, Pvt. Pike, December 24, Pvt. Pinciak, November 6, Pvt. Pollender, August 30, T5 W. Presnall, December 24, Pvt. Purcell, May 23, Sgt. Purvis, May 1, T4 S. Rader, September 12, Pvt. Reddy, May 10, Pvt. Reed, September 6, Pvt. Rhoads , May 24, Pvt. Rice, March 21, S. Richardson, February 9, Pvt. Richardson, December 4, Lt. Richardson, December 3, Sgt. Robinson, February 18, Pvt. Rodeheaver, December 6, S. Roderick, January 14, Captain W.

Rothlin, December 3, T4 P. Rounds, February 15, Capt. Ryan, May 28, Sgt. Sabean, March 7, Cpl. Sabourin, March 7, Pvt. Sanders, June 1, Pvt. Sandifer, December 6, Pvt. Sceremko, February 20, Sgt. Schmidt, August 27, Pvt. Schmidt, Autust 15, Sgt. Schneider, December 5, T4. Schultz, February 9, Pvt. Schwartz, February 18, Lt. Scoggin, February 2, Major J. Secter, May 28, S. Serrick, May 29, Pvt. Sheppard, May 24, Pvt. Shook, December 3, S.

Smith, December 24, Lt. Smith, December 25, Sgt. Sorber, May 30, Pvt. Springer, February 20, Sgt. Steffke, June 4, T4 R. Stewart, December 5, Pvt. Stockton, December 24, Pvt. Storey, May 23, T4 L. Sullenger, February 8, Pvt. Suotaila, December 3, Pvt. Swank , October 6, Pvt. Tighe, May 21, Sgt. Tourangeau, May 28, Pvt.

Traxler, June 2, S. Upchurch, January 11, Sgt. Veitenheimer, February 24, T4 Charles E. Vickers, October 7, Pvt. Vinson, May 30, Pvt. Wade, December 3, Pvt. Waldrum, February 16, Cpl. Wall, May 23, Sgt. Weide, May 23, T4 A. Wesolowski, May 21, Sgt. West, December 8, T5 Harley L.

White, October 9, Sgt. Wickstrom, May 24, Pvt. Wilcos, May 30, T4 A. Williams, December 5, T4 C. Williams, May 28, Pvt.

Wilson, May 30, Pvt. Wilson, May 23, Pvt. Wilson, December 3, S. Wilson, January 27, Sgt. Wilson, December 25, Pvt. Wisniewski, May 28, T4 R. Wittbrodt, May 29, Sgt. Wocalewski, December 5, Pvt. Wood, May 23, Lt. Woolhiser, January 10, Sgt. Wray, December 4, Pvt. Wright, January 15, Pvt. Wright, September 13, S. Wudarcki, May 24, Pvt. Yancey, January 14, T4 J. Zebley, May 23, Pvt. Zekkey, May 24, T4 J. Zier, January 4, Died of Wounds Sgt. Arsennek, September 13, Pvt.

Ball, May 29, Pvt. Brendle, January 9, Sgt. Brittingham, May 24, Pvt. Brown, May 24, Sgt. Carson, March 11, T4 J. Cokely, May 28, Pfc. Collins, October 10, Capt. Cotton, December 26, Sgt. Cross, February 10, 1 Lt. Cuddy, February 3, Sgt.

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